The term 'Refugee' refers to any person who by reason of a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his/her nationality and is unable or, by reason of such fear, is unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country. - United Nations 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.
Refugees given permanent residence status on arrival are commonly referred to as ‘former refugees’ by health providers in New Zealand.
Refugee communities in New Zealand include people with origins from Asian, Middle Eastern, Latin American, African and European countries. These countries have vast differences in cultures, traditions, languages and religions.
Over the last eleven years, between 2011-12 and 2022-23, quota refugees and people arriving through the ‘Refugee Family Support’ have come mainly from the following countries:
From the Middle East
From South America
[Source: The Refugee and Protection Statistics Pack]
The following are the categories of refugees resettled in New Zealand:
Other information on the Immigration New Zealand website include: